Thursday, May 21, 2020
Autism spectrum disorders, or ASDs, are a set of disorders of neural brain development with many causes at their roots, and while recent research has determined several potential causes as to why the disorder occurs, its ambiguity raises an additional question of to what extent the general public understands the reality of the disorder. The various disorders include: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Because each individual with autism is unique, some may have exceptional abilities, while others may experience cognitive delays, be unable to complete everyday tasks, experience difficulties in motor coordination, or have attention and physical health issues. The various types of autistic disorders are characterized by difficulties interacting socially and in both verbal and nonverbal types of communication, and these usually come about during infancy. It is ofte n found that some with autism spectrum disorders excel in specific fields, such as music, math, art, and visual skills, and this is sometimes known as savant syndrome (Santrock). Stephen Safran describes disability as Ã¢â¬Å"reduced function or loss of a particular body part or organ. A disability is not a handicap unless it leads to an educational, social, vocational, or other problem (3). Autism, on the other hand, is a disorder characterized by extreme withdrawal, self-stimulation, cognitiveShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Autism Spectrum Disorder On Children1351 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMany children have to live their entire lives under the shadow of a disorder that entirely alters the typical life of a person. Autism Spectrum Disorder is a common neurobehavioral disorder that is caused during prenatal development. This specific disorder affects 1 in 68 children in Canada and is increasing every single year. Ã¢â¬Å"More children will be diagnosed with autism this year than with AIDS , diabetes, and cancer combinedÃ¢â¬ (KenCrest). Children who are affected often donÃ¢â¬â¢t get diagnosed untilRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder And Its Effects On Society2437 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAutism spectrum disorder still after decades is surrounded by misinformation despite the progression of scientific studies on the subject. Mitchell and Locke created an online survey to better evaluate the information surrounding autism spectrum disorder. Several questions were asked such as where they get information about autism spectrum disorder, where to get help, when it can be diagnosed, etc. It was found that most people get their information about autism spectrum disorder from the media orRead MoreThe Effects Of Autism Spectrum Disorder On Children918 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesautistic children in teenage age told their parents they were victimised at school. Unemployment rates for individuals with ASD are around 65% in comparison to the whole population with only 6%. A 5 years old Indonesian boy, Adi Sutanto, was born with autism. Recently, at his age, he still cannot speak even a word, and he is acting like 2-year-old child. Adi has limited ability where people are only able to comprehend his thought-process through his movements and actions. More than that, due to his slowRead MoreThe Effects Of Music Therapy On Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay2292 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesFrom 1997 to about 2007 the number of children with autism spectrum disorder has increase from 42,517 to about 258,305 and has risen since (Reschke-HernÃ ¡ndez, 2011). With this rise of children who have autism, the rise of music therapy has since appeared greatly. When music therapy was first documented, the music was used in both group and individual settings. It was used with those who lacked social skills, those who needed rehabilitation, for self-expression, for psychological improvement and alsoRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder : A Negative Effect On A Child s Ability Essay1768 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAutism Spectrum Disorder, ASD, is defined by the Mayo Clinic as a negative effect on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to be able to communicate and interact with others due to the negative effects of a neurodevelopment disorder. Along with the following communication and interaction issues Autism Spectrum Disorder is also associated with restricted repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities all have been shown to cause impairment in social, occupational, and other functioning areas (Mayo Clinic, 2014). IncludedRead MoreThe Effects Of Perceptual Motor Training On Attention On Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder1198 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In the world 1 in 68 U.S. kids will be diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. The author Javad Afshari persuades the audience to see the effect of perceptual motor training on attention in children with autism spectrum disorders. Afshari would like to prove that perceptual motor training has a significan t effect on children with autism specifically with attention issues. In the article it gave an introduction to autism and how children experience a change in attention from one stimulus to anotherRead MoreThe Effect Of Telehealth On The Language And Communication Delays That Accompany Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay1703 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespractices to treat or assess disorders via technology, such as video or webcams, rather than treating patients face-to-face. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) may use this method to treat a variety of delays and disorders, including stuttering, apraxia, lisps, and others. This paper will explore the use of telehealth in treating the language and communication delays that accompany Autism Spectrum Disorder (autism), specifically in children. Autism Spectrum Disorder is Ã¢â¬Å"a complex developmental disabilityRead MoreTreating Autism Spectrum Disorders1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAutism spectrum disorders are a class of developmental br ain disorders with symptoms that range widely with each affected individual. Autism is a disorder that varies in severity of social interaction and communication that can benefit from the help of different types of treatment. Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, autism, pervasive development disorder, and non pervasive developmental disorder are disorders on the autism spectrum with differing levels of intensity. Treatments for autism includeRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages These two observations would be the beginning of a disorder known as the Autism Spectrum Disorder. This developmental disorder, characterized by a range of deficits in different areas, is increasingly prevalent in society and in the media. While the exact numbers vary from country to country, according to Lai (2014), 1% of the general population is diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. The range of this disorder has a detrimental effect on society, specifically the educational system due toRead MoreWhat Do We Know About Autism Spectrum Disorder?1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbout Autism Spectrum Disorder? Actress Holly Robinson Peete once stated, Ã¢â¬Å"I m not a doctor or scientist. I m just a mom. But I do think there s a genetic predisposition, and there are environmental triggers. I feel like that combination, in my child s case, is what resulted in autism.Ã¢â¬ Holly Robinson could have not said it in a better way. What is the cause of autism? Is autism solely caused by genetics or a combination of genetics and environmental influences? What does make up autism spectrum
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Racial Discrimination is dreadful. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a social conflict against those who are a slightly different based on appearance. It has indeed become a well-known issue, which has created problems throughout the world. This issue is so distributing that it has incredibility-impacted society, especially influenced artists to incorporate the current issue into their songs. For instance, artists like Kendrick Lamar have expressed the issue of racial discrimination. In his song Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ from his album To pimp a butterfly (2015), he speaks about the racism and stereotypes from his own experiences. The song is about the frustration with how African Americans are treated due to the racism. This hip-pop song enhances the message through the use of Lamar personal life experiences as well his way of rapping with the intense beats. This demonstrates the seriousness of his message he wants the listener to grasp. Bob Marley has a song dealing with racial di scrimination called Ã¢â¬Å"WarÃ¢â¬ from the album Rastaman Vibration (1976). The song heavily emphasis the overall issue that has to with racism and achieving peace in society. Bob Marley mainly focuses on the lyrical power that is expressed through melodic in Ã¢â¬Å"WarÃ¢â¬ . These songs were initially made for the purpose to inform the listeners of their lifestyle through racial discrimination. Racial discrimination is a huge issue, which causes serious damage to the victims. Issue Discussion Racial discrimination continues toShow MoreRelatedRacial Discrimination : The Blacker The Berry1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Racial Discrimination is dreadful. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a social conflict against those who are a slightly different based on appearance. It has indeed become a well-known issue, which has created problems throughout the world. This issue is so distributing that it has incredibility-impacted society, especially influenced artists to incorporate the current issue into their songs. For instance, artists like Kendrick Lamar have expressed the issue of racial discrimination. In his song Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ fromRead MoreThe Blacker The Berry, By Kendrick Lamar1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessong that are on both sides of the spectrum from his song Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ which is more like Martin Luther King Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s nonviolent beliefs to Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ which is more like Malcolm XÃ¢â¬â¢s thinking of self-hatred. In light of many of these issues along with the fact that racism is still an issue, Kendrick Lamar released his critically acclaimed song Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ in February 2015. This racially-charged song celebrates KendrickÃ¢â¬â¢s African American heritage, but also has an underlying theme of racializedRead MoreRacism Is A Relic Of The Past1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthorough definition of racism and its consequences; racism is a white police officer beating or shooting a black teen, a white presidential candidate spewing racial slurs during his campaign or perhaps it looks like a white cooking show TV host who admits to having used the n-word. Media is prepared to bring up conspicuous prejudice and discrimination every time it occurs; perpetuating the thought that generally racism is a relic of the past. However, contemporary manifestations of racism and its effectsRead MoreThe Harlem Renaissance Of The 1920s1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe attention of white Americans. Their works ex pose the racial discrimination, identity struggles, and the collisions between black and white Americans. Throughout the Harlem Renaissance, many darker Blacks felt ostracized from their mulatto families but superior to the common black folk. Simultaneously, many black artists longed for White approval, avoided Negro movements, and felt ashamed to be black. In the novels The Blacker the Berry and Infants of Spring, Harlem Renaissance writer WallaceRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Blacker The Berry By Kendrick Lamar940 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesby the remarks someone makes of their race or ethnicity they are considered someone without humor. We are to blame for the everyday racism we see in the music, television, posters, etc because we see it as something normal. In the song Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ by Kendrick Lamar, Lamar calls himself the biggest hypocrite of 2015. I believe he himself is realizing that he is also at fault for the everyday racism we seem to face. In the poem Ã¢â¬Å"PowerÃ¢â¬ by Audre Lorde we also see a black woman describedRead MoreThe Blacker The Berry By Kendrick Lamar1025 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ by Kendrick Lamar was released February 9th, 2015. This incredibly racially motivated song has created controversy throughout America because it tackles racism, hypocrisy, and hatred head on. Although Stephen Best argues that the past defines the present without question, and Hartman believes that many important African American stories have been silenced due to lack of evidence, Kendrick LamarÃ¢â¬â¢s song Ã¢â¬Å"The Blacker the BerryÃ¢â¬ complicates and adds to their arguments by introducingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem I Pimp A Butterfly By Neil Mccormick1532 Words Ã | Ã 7 Pagespoverty, or racial discrimination. He leaves none of his message left to assumption, and he clearly presents his opinions. One of the most controversial aspects of Ã¢â¬Å"To Pimp a ButterflyÃ¢â¬ was its racially charged subject matter and message. Each track features different takes on racial discrimination, as well as the internal struggle faced by Kendrick in regards to this issue. Ã¢â¬Å"To Pimp a ButterflyÃ¢â¬ came out at a very opportune time, as there was a lot of interest in racial discrimination thanks to theRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare Essay1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesidentity for a long time. The negative connotations of Ã¢â¬Å"blacknessÃ¢â¬ have led to the creation of many racial constructs associated with the Ã¢â¬Å"MoorÃ¢â¬ ; this denigration has infused the opinions of many critics, such as Albert Gerard, proposing that OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"negroid physiognomyÃ¢â¬ reaches down to the Ã¢â¬Å"deepest levels of personalityÃ¢â¬ and that he is a Ã¢â¬Å"barbarianÃ¢â¬ . However, many other critics like Edward Berry and Martin Orkin believe that colour is merely a Ã ¢â¬Å"surface indicatorÃ¢â¬ compared to the outward virtueRead MoreLife of a Mullato Essay examples1054 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesanalysis and their character development. After a thorough analysis of the racial identity of a mulatto, and a look at the lives of mulatto characters in works by Charles W. Chesnutt, Harriet Wilson and Wallace Thurman an understanding of what it means to be mulatto can be realized. In the works we discussed, a mulatto was usually the offspring of a black woman and a white man; however, the key to comprehending the racial identity of a mulatto is much more deeper. A mulatto is constantly facedRead MoreJackie Robinson : African American Civil Rights Activist1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesstory. The plot holds a strong political statement relating back to racial and gender inequality. Josephine Baker. Ã¢â¬Å"Speech at the March on WashingtonÃ¢â¬ . The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Washington D.C. 28 Aug. 1963. Josephine Baker, French singer and exotic dancer, the only woman to give a speech about her life, in front 250,000 people gathered at the March on Washington. She spoke out about jobs and discrimination. Robeson, Paul. Ã¢â¬Å"You Are the Un-Americans, and You Ought to be Ashamed
What Is the personal statement? The personal statement is your chance to demonstrate what an excellent candidate y o are for your chosen course/ s. The statement cannot be more than 4000 characters including spaces or 47 lines. AAAS use sophisticated anti plagiarism software, so make sure your statement is all your own work, under no circumstances should you be tempted to Inc elude catapulted material from any source! How should I structure my personal statement? The recommended structure is as follows: paragraph 1 Ã¢â¬â explain why you are passionate about your subject and why you are such a good candidate for the course paragraph 2 Ã¢â¬â demonstrate what skills you have already developed from your A level studies and wider experiences paragraph 3 Ã¢â¬â demonstrate what personal qualities you have, and how much of a contribution to university life you can make The best statements will also start with strong opening and closing sentences, but war et the main 3 sections first before you start to worry about these. We will write a custom essay sample on Writing Your Personal Statement or any similar topic only for you Order Now Guidelines for each section Paragraph 1 Ã¢â¬â academic interest This should be the largest section of your statement (at least 50%) The key points for this section are to: show real passion and enthusiasm for your chosen subject show that you have academic curiosity This Is best achieved by Including examples of your wider reading and/ or talks you have attended and/ or other activities you have taken part in outside of your A level lessons. It is How to cite Writing Your Personal Statement, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Introduction Both classical and many other schools of strategic thinking have been used to describe the concept of business management strategy. Strategic thinking has become a major concern of many business organizations because of the need to achieve mutual benefits between the organization and the employees through proper management strategies.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Need for Strategic Thinking in Business specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Proper strategies are necessary for the business to improve its productivity. Business productivity can never be improved without the member taking part in the strategy formulation (Lampel Mintzberg, 1999, p. 21). The reason for the emergence of these schools of strategic thinking is the question of why some strategies fail and others succeed. The main issues addressed in these schools are the factors that may cause these strategies to fail or succeed. Strategic thi nking is a mean of understanding the key drivers of business as well as improving the conventional thinking through dialoguing with members in the organization (Mintzberg, 1996, p. 96). The main objective of this essay is to present a Critical Analysis of the fundamental concepts of the Ã¢â¬ËClassicalÃ¢â¬â¢ schools and other schools of strategic thinking. Critical Analysis of the Classical School of Strategic Thinking The classical schools of management are based on the assumption that the employees only pursue the economical and the physical needs which are their source of satisfaction. The school assumes away the social and job satisfaction needs of the workers. Though the school argues that these needs are either absent or are not important in the course of the service offered by the employees, the claim is without clear attestation. The main focus of the school is high labor specialization and bureaucratic process of decision making where decisions are made from a central po int. Profit maximization is also a major concern of the school. This indicates that the social and job satisfaction needs of the employees are locked out in the proposed management strategy (Whittington, 1993, p. 9). The classical school of strategic thinking was developed during the industrial revolution when factories in the industries faced management problems. There were vast labor dissatisfactions and the management was unsure of how to deal with the situation. The other issue was how to train the employees to make them loyal members of the organizations. The key objective of this school of thought was to determine the best way that could be used to undertake and manage tasks (CliffsNotes, 2010, p. 1). In this sense, the classical school was meant to solve the management problems related to labor dissatisfaction for the betterment of the industries but with less concern about the social life and job satisfaction of the employees. The classical school of strategic thinking was b roadly categorized into classical administrative school and the classical scientific school of thought.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Classical Scientific School The major concern of this school was productivity and efficiency within the industries. The school assumed that productivity and efficiency could be achieved through close examination of the work process and the skills possessed by the work force (Steiner, 1979, p. 18). The main aim was to ensure that the most work is done and that the workforce has the most desired skills to do the work. This could not hold in the sense that despite the excellent skills of the work force, their productivity will be very low if job satisfaction is not realized. The best motivation of the workforce comes from within and is evident when job satisfaction is met. The main proponents of the scientific classical school are Lillian G ilbreth, Fredrick Taylor, Gantt and Frank whose contribution led to the development of the school. Taylor, for instance, believed that tasks study and precise procedure development would improve productivity in an organization. He advocated increase of working hours and reduction of the workforce accompanied by increased payment to workers who meets the high standards of production. He thought that paying more money for extra time worked will motivate the workers and improve production. The reality however is that, overworking workers will in the long run reduce labor productivity and quality of work (Cunningham Lischeron, 1991, p. 49). These proponents argued that there should be procedures for performing jobs and that work should be shared between the employees. They proposed also that workers should be developed and trained to perform certain duties but should not be left to choose their own tasks. However, allowing workers to choose their own tasks would be more effective becaus e they choose what they feel they are competent to handle. The Classical Administrative School This school proposed bureaucratic management principles in organizations. The proponents argued that the organization should have a formal structure that will be followed by the stakeholders. This structure will allow formal flow of information from the highest rank to the lowest (Steiner, 1969, p. 12). Power was believed to flow from a centralized place. Max Weber, one of the proponents of this school, argued that, every organization should have a bureaucratic structure characterized by specified principles. For instance, every structure should have a well defined hierarchy, labor division and specialization, specific rules and regulations, work based relationship between employees and their bosses, employment based on competence and a concise record of activities of the organization. Henri Fayol also had the same idea as Weber but his process was enriched with other aspects like team wor k strategy, equity and stability of tenure of personnel. The administrative school concentrated on the total organization where emphasis was laid on the development of managerial principles in an organization.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Need for Strategic Thinking in Business specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The proponents of the administrative school based their study on the flow of information in an organization. Their main emphasis is to understand how the organization operates and how it can be improved to increase the performance (Porter, 1980, p. 23).Ã One of the greatest proponents of this school, Max Weber, argued that, the organization should not be managed personally because people will be loyal to their personal supervisors instead of the organization itself. Weber believes in a bureaucratic structure of the organization where there are rules to be followed by the members of the organization.Ã This way, he believed, would detach the organization from the personalized management.Ã He condemned the European organizations for personalizing their management which he described as family-like system of management. The other proponents of the administrative school include Henri Fayol, Mary P.F., and Chester B. whose contributions were very significant in the development of the school. The classical administrative school as the scientific school did not address the issue of social needs and the job satisfaction needs of the employees. They both seem to be organization oriented and any strategy laid is meant to benefit the organization through profit maximization and engaging the workforce into long working hours. The targeted production level may not be achieved unless the employees are full satisfied. Critical Analysis of Other Schools of Strategic Thinking Besides the classical schools of strategic thinking, more schools of thought have been developed in order to describ e the concept of strategy in business management. The classical schools have failed in some instances to describe the best way that could be employed for effective business management strategies. The question that has brought about the emergence of these schools is why some strategies fail while others succeed (Miller, 1987, p. 561). One of these schools is The Planning School that describes strategy systems as conscious processes of formal planning (Mintzberg, 1990, p. 171). In this sense, the organization strategist formally communicates the strategic decisions to the whole organization. This school argues that the strategy systems are subject to control and can be decomposed in to various distinct steps (Ansoff, 1987, p. 13). Strategies therefore are not spontaneous activities but are planned in a formal manner and can be achieved in stages as per the formally planned time line. The members of the organization are therefore aware of the strategies taken. The other school is The D esign School of strategic thinking. This school describes strategy systems as processes of conception and deliberate action of conscious thought (Goold, 1992, p. 169).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this case, the strategies are based on individualized design and are very informal. This school also asserts that the chief executive officer has the responsibility of controlling the strategy systems in the organization. In the real sense, the CEO alone cannot manage the whole responsibility of strategy formulation but the whole organization members need to be involved (Ansoff, 1987, p. 513). The Positioning School of Strategic Thinking has its roots in economics. It is mostly focused on the external environment. The organization has analysts that assesses the external environment and propose the course of action. This school describes the strategy systems as analytical processes that are carried out by the analysts in the organization. The strategies of business management are described as being identifiable and generic in nature (Chakravarty, 2005, p. 1). The Entrepreneurial School on the other hand argues that, the strategies are long-term plans of the organization and that t hey define the vision of the organization (Segars Grover, 1999, p. 202). Leaders in this case are assumed to have entrepreneurial skills which they apply to formulate the strategies of the organization. This could be very insightful if the leaders keeps watch on the changing business environment and base their decision on the observations they make (Cunningham Lischeron, 1991, p. 55). There is also Cognitive School whose notions are based on psychology. The school describes that there are cognitive processes in the mind of the strategist and they determine the success of the strategies implemented. The strategies undertaken in this case depends on the strategist himself. He comes up with the strategies he finds best applicable in the situation of the enterprise. The Learning School is also based on psychology of the strategists and the strategy systems are taken to be processes that are learnt over time. The behavior of the enterprises is unpredictable and there is therefore need t o learn many strategies that could be used if needs arise. Strategies learned are plans for the future and are based on experience (McKiernan, 1997, p. 796). The Power School of strategic thinking asserts that strategies are a result of power game within the organization and is therefore believed to have its roots in politicology (French, 2009, p. 59). The strategies are therefore shaped by the power and politics within the organization. The strategies may not be perspective in nature but may take the form of positions that may not improve the organization performance. They may not be need oriented but based on greed for power. The other school is Environmental School which has its origin in biology. This school describes strategy systems as reactive processes resulting from the reactions of the organization to the external environment (Kemp Ashish, 2003, p. 1). The prevailing environmental conditions are the main determinants of the next move to be taken by the organization. For i nstance, the change in the dimension of competition in the market will necessitate the organization to come up with strategies that will make the organization more competitive. The Cultural School argues that the strategies undertaken by the organization depends on the cultural interaction of the members within the organization. The school is based on anthropology and describes strategy systems as collective processes of social interaction of members in the organization. According to Kotter (1995, p. 5), the strategies are taken as the result of social interactions of both junior and senior employees within the organization. The members are the ones that determine the next course to be taken by the organization depending on the current needs and prevailing business environment. Their decision may not result in the same strategies every time. The last school in this list is called The Configuration School that describes strategy as a form of organizational transformation (Miller, 198 6, p. 236). In this sense, the strategies are taken as changing plans of the organization that transforms the focus and functioning of the organization. The strategies are constantly replaced by new ones depending on the prevailing needs of the organization. This is contrary to the beliefs of the administrative classical school that proposes a fixed bureaucratic procedure in the organizations. The same strategy may not apply in all circumstances. Some situations will demand the strategies to be revamped (Drucker, 2010, p.16). Conclusion The strategy systems are a complex process defined by several factors that are described in the above schools of strategic thinking. The concepts in these schools are interrelated in one way or another and are all focused on understanding the concept of business management strategies. Reference List Ansoff, I., 1987. The Emerging Paradigm of Strategic Behavior. Chichester: StrategicÃ Management Journal, 8(2), 1987pp.501-515. Chakravarty, M., 2005. The 10 schools of strategic planning. [e-book] India: rediff.com India Limited. Web. CliffsNotes. 2010. CliffsNotes.com. Classical Schools of Management. [e-book] New York: Wiley Publishing, Inc. Web. Cunningham, B., Lischeron, J. 1991. Defining Entrepreneurship. Journal of SmallÃ Business Management, 29(1), 1991 pp.45-59. Drucker, P. F., 2010. The Theory of the Business. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing. French, S., 2009. Re-thinking the foundations of the strategic business process. Journal of Management Development, 28(1), 2009 pp. 51-76. Goold, M., 1992. Research Notes And Communications Design, Learning And Planning: A Further Observation On The Design School Debate. Strategic Management Journal (1986-1998); Feb 1992; 13, 2; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 169. Kemp, J. Ashish, J., 2003. The 9 Schools of Strategic Thinking. [e-book]New York: The Free Press. Web. Kotter, J.P., 1995. Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail. Boston: Harvard Business School publishing. Lampel, J. Mintzberg, H., 1999. Reflecting on the strategy process. SloanÃ Management Review; spring 1999; 40, 3; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 21. McKiernan, P., 1997. Strategy past: Strategy futures. Oxford Long Range Planning, 30(5), October 1997 pp. 790-798(9). Miller, D., 1986. Configurations of Strategy and Structure: Towards a Synthesis. Strategic Management Journal ,7(3), 1986: 233Ã¢â¬â249. Miller, D., 1987. The genesis of configuration. The Academy of Management Review. 12(4), 1987. 556-701. Mintzberg, H., 1990. The Design School: Reconsidering The Basic Premises of Strategy management. Strategic Management Journal, 11(3), 1990 pg. 171. Mintzberg, H., 1996. Reply to Michael Goold. California Management Review, 38(4), 1996 pg. 96. Porter, M.E., 1980. How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy. New York: The Free Press. Segars, H. Grover, V., 1999. Profiles of Strategic Information Systems Planning. Information System Research, 10(3), 1999. Pp. 199-232. Steiner, G.A., 1969. Top Man agement Planning. Toronto: Collier-Macmillan. Steiner, G. A., 1979. Strategic Planning, What Every Manager Must Know. New York: The Free Press. Whittington, R., 1993. What is Strategy and does it matter. London: Rountledge. This essay on Need for Strategic Thinking in Business was written and submitted by user Eli W. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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Wednesday, March 18, 2020
STAT 1350, Quiz #5, Summer 2014 Essays - Charts, Infographics, Graph STAT 1350, Quiz #5, Summer 2014Name _______________________________________ 1.A company database contains the following information about each employee: age, date hired, sex (male or female), ethnic group (Asian, black, Hispanic, etc.), job category (clerical, management, technical, etc.), and yearly salary. Which of the following lists of variables are all categorical? A)Age, sex, ethnic group B)Sex, ethnic group, job category C)Ethnic group, job category, yearly salary D)Yearly salary, age E)Age, date hired Ans: B 2.You have data on returns on common stocks for all years since 1945. To show clearly how returns have changed over time, your best choice of graph is a A)bar graph. D)histogram. B)line graph. E)scatterplot. C)pie chart. Ans: B 3.A bar graph compares the size of the armed forces for China, North Korea, Russia, and the United States. To make the graph look nicer, the artist replaces each bar by a proportionally correct picture of a soldier that is enlarged or reduced to be as tall as the bar. This graph is misleading because A)its the wrong kind of graph. Use a pie chart instead. B)its the wrong kind of graph. Use a scatterplot instead. C)Chinas armed forces are twice as large as those of North Korea, but the choice of vertical scale can change this to half as large or four times as large. D)Chinas armed forces are twice as large as those of North Korea, but the area of Chinas soldier picture is four times as large as the North Korea picture. Ans: D 4.A common abuse of bar graphs is to A)use bars of equal width so that we can't see differences among the bars. B)replace bars by pictures and increase both height and width as the variable plotted increases. C)use bars that dont touch each other. D)draw the bars vertically rather than horizontally. E)stretch or squeeze the scale at the base of the bars so that our eyes are misled. Ans: B 5.You measure the age, marital status, smoking status (smoker or nonsmoker), and earned income of a simple random sample of 1463 women. The number of variables you have measured is A)1463the size of the sample. B)fiveage, marital status, smoking status, income, and number of women. C)fourage, marital status, smoking status, and income. D)twoage and income. Marital status and smoking status are not variables because they dont have units like years or dollars. Ans: C 6.A line graph shows that the price of fresh oranges falls early in each year when the orange harvest in Florida is ready, then it rises late in the year when oranges from that years harvest begin to run out. This is an example of A)trend in a line graph. B)erratic fluctuations in a line graph. C)seasonal variation in a line graph. D)confounding. Ans: C 7.In order to create a good graph, you must do each of the following EXCEPT A)clearly label the axes or provide a legend. B)use three-dimensional effects, many colors, and eye-catching backgrounds. C)avoid pictograms. D)make the data stand out. Ans: B 8.A __________ tells us what values a variable takes and how often it takes those values. A) distribution B) quantity C) seasonal variation D) trend Ans: A 9.The proper graph for showing distribution of students at this university is a A) line graph. B) stemplot. C) histogram. D) pie chart. Ans: D
Monday, March 2, 2020
Major General Joseph Wheeler in the Civil War Major General Joseph Wheeler was noted cavalry commander who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War (1861-1865) and the US Army during the Spanish-American War (1898). A native of Georgia, he was largely raised in the North and attended West Point. Electing to side with the South during the Civil War, Wheeler gained notoriety as a cavalry commander with the Army of Tennessee. Serving in almost of its major campaigns, he became its senior cavalry officer. Winning a seat in Congress after the war, Wheeler volunteered his services when war with Spain was declared in 1898. Given command of a cavalry division in V Corps, he took part in the Battle of San Juan Hill and Siege of Santiago. He remained in the army until 1900.Ã Ã Fast Facts: Joseph Wheeler Rank: Major General (Confederate States), Major General (United States)Service: Confederate Army, US ArmyNickname(s): Fightin Joe, Little JoeBorn: September 10, 1836 in Augusta, Georgia, USADied: January 25, 1906 in New York City, New York, USAParents: Joseph Wheeler and Julia Knox HullSpouse: Daniella Jones Sherrod (m. 1866)Children: Lucy Louise Wheeler, Annie Early Wheeler, Ella Wheeler, Julia Knox Hull Wheeler, Joseph M. Wheeler, Caroline Peyton Wheeler, Thomas Harrison WheelerConflicts: Civil War, Spanish-American WarKnown For:Ã Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Stones River, Knoxville Campaign, Atlanta Campaign,Ã March to the Sea, Battle of Bentonville,Ã Battle of San Juan Hill Early Life Born on September 10, 1836 in Augusta, GA, Joseph Wheeler was the son a Connecticut native who had moved south. One of his maternal grandfathers was Brigadier General William Hull who served in the American Revolution and lost Detroit during the War of 1812. Following his mothers death in 1842, Wheelers father encountered financial difficulties and moved the family back to Connecticut. Despite returning north at a young age, Wheeler always considered himself a Georgian. Raised by his maternal grandparents and aunts, he attended local schools before entering the Episcopal Academy in Cheshire, CT. Seeking a military career, Wheeler was appointed to West Point from Georgia on July 1, 1854, though due to his small stature he barely met the academys height requirement. Early Career While at West Point, Wheeler proved to be a relatively poor student and graduated in 1859 ranked 19th in a class of 22. Commissioned as brevet second lieutenant, he was posted to the 1st US Dragoons. This assignment proved brief and later that year he was ordered to attend the US Cavalry School at Carlisle, PA. Completing the course in 1860, Wheeler received orders to join the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen (3rd US Cavalry) in the New Mexico Territory. While in the Southwest, he took part in campaigns against the Native Americans and earned the nickname Fighting Joe. On September 1, 1860, Wheeler received a promotion to second lieutenant. Joining the Confederacy As the Secession Crisis began, Wheeler turned his back on his northern roots and accepted a commission as a first lieutenant in the Georgia state militia artillery in March 1861. With the beginning of the Civil War the following month, he officially resigned from the US Army. After brief service at Fort Barrancas near Pensacola, FL, Wheeler was promoted to colonel and given command of the newly-formed 19th Alabama Infantry. Taking command at Huntsville, AL, he led the regiment at the Battle of Shiloh the following April as well as during the Siege of Corinth. Back to the Cavalry In September 1862, Wheeler was shifted back to the cavalry and given command of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade in the Army of Mississippi (later Army of Tennessee). Moving north as part of General Braxton Braggs campaign into Kentucky, Wheeler scouted and raided in front of the army. During this period, he incurred the enmity of Brigadier General Nathan Bedford Forrest after Bragg reassigned the bulk of the latters men to Wheelers command. Taking part in the Battle of Perryville on October 8, he aided in screening Braggs withdrawal after the engagement. A Quick Rise For his efforts, Wheeler was promoted to brigadier general on October 30. Given command of the Second Corps, Army of Tennessees cavalry, he was wounded in a skirmish in November. Quickly recovering, he raided into the rear of Major General William S. Rosecrans Army of the Cumberland in December and continued to harass the Union rear during the Battle of Stones River. After Braggs retreat from Stones River, Wheeler earned fame for a devastating attack on the Union supply base at Harpeth Shoals, TN on January 12-13, 1863. For this he was promoted to major general and received the thanks of the Confederate Congress. With this promotion, Wheeler was given command of a cavalry corps in the Army of Tennessee. Embarking on a raid against Fort Donelson, TN in February, he again clashed with Forrest. To prevent future conflicts, Bragg ordered Wheelers corps to guard the armys left flank with Forrests defended the right. Wheeler continued to operate in this capacity during the summers Tullahoma Campaign and during the Battle of Chickamauga. In the wake of the Confederate victory, Wheeler conducted a massive raid through central Tennessee. This caused him to miss the Battle of Chattanooga in November. Corps Commander After supporting Lieutenant General James Longstreets unsuccessful Knoxville Campaign in late 1863, Wheeler returned to the Army of Tennessee, now led by General Joseph E. Johnston. Overseeing the armys cavalry, Wheeler ably led his troopers against Major General William T. Shermans Atlanta Campaign. Though outnumbered by the Union cavalry, he won several victories and captured Major General George Stoneman. With Sherman nearing Atlanta, Johnston was replaced in July by Lieutenant General John Bell Hood. The following month, Hood directed Wheeler to take the cavalry to destroy Shermans supply lines. Departing Atlanta, Wheelers corps attacked up the railroad and into Tennessee. Though far-ranging, the raid did little meaningful damage and deprived Hood of his scouting force during the decisive stages of the struggle for Atlanta. Defeated at Jonesboro, Hood evacuated the city at the beginning of September. Rejoining Hood in October, Wheeler was ordered to remain in Georgia to oppose Shermans March to the Sea. Though clashing with Shermans men on numerous occasions, Wheeler was unable to prevent their advance to Savannah. In early 1865, Sherman embarked on his Carolinas Campaign. Joining a reinstated Johnston, Wheeler aided in attempting to block the Union advance. The next month, Wheeler may have been promoted to lieutenant general, however debate exists as to whether he was confirmed in this rank. Placed under the command of Lieutenant General Wade Hampton, Wheelers remaining cavalry took part in the Battle of Bentonville in March. Staying in the field after Johnstons surrender in late April, Wheeler was captured near Conyers Station, GA on May 9 while attempting to cover President Jefferson Davis escape. Spanish-American War Briefly held at Fortress Monroe and Fort Delaware, Wheeler was permitted to return home in June. In the years after the war, he became a planter and lawyer in Alabama. Elected to the US Congress in 1882 and again in 1884, he remained in office until 1900. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Wheeler volunteered his services to President William McKinley. Accepting, McKinley appointed him a major general of volunteers. Taking command of the cavalry division in Major General William Shafters V Corps, Wheelers force included Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelts famed Rough Riders. Arriving in Cuba, Wheeler scouted ahead of Shafters main force and engaged the Spanish at Las Guasimas on June 24. Though his troops took the brunt of the fighting, they forced the enemy to continue their retreat towards Santiago. Falling ill, Wheeler missed the opening parts of the Battle of San Juan Hill, but rushed to the scene when the fighting began to take command. Wheeler led his division through the Siege of Santiago and served on the peace commission after the citys fall. Later Life Returning from Cuba, Wheeler was dispatched to the Philippines for service in the Philippine-American War. Arriving in August 1899, he led a brigade in Brigadier General Arthur MacArthurs division until early 1900. During this time, Wheeler was mustered out of the volunteer service and commissioned as a brigadier general in the regular army. Returning home, he was given an appointment as a brigadier general in the US Army and placed in command of the Department of the Lakes. He remained in this post until his retirement on September 10, 1900. Retiring to New York, Wheeler died on January 25, 1906 after a protracted illness. In recognition of his service in the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars, he was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Lifestyle habit of obesity and the affects it has on the body's systems and functions - Research Paper Example According to World Health Organization databases, the population of people with obesity had doubled since 1980. This alarming rate calls for immediate action. Moreover, in 2008, around 200 million men and 350 women had obesity signs. Two thirds of the world population lives in countries where the condition kills due to the maladies that accompany obesity resulting to chronic illnesses. However, despite all these facts, obesity is a preventable upon creating awareness on the preventable methods (WHO, 2012). There are numerous causes of obesity. The core cause is the imbalance between the calories consumption and calories breakdown. The affected population exhibits an increase in the intake of high-energy foods rich in fats. A decrease in physical activity resulting to sedentary lifestyle is a factor of consideration. These factors arise due to sudden changes in developmental patterns and poor policies in the health and other governmental departments(P. T. James, Leach, Kalamara, & Shayeghi, 2001). A team consists of all cadre of professionals in the hospital, who ranges from nurses, dietician, pharmacists, physicians and psychologists is necessary to address this trend. The team works in unity in coming up with an effective community diagnosis about obesity. The selected team works hand in hand to establish the number of cases diagnosed to be obesity through physical examination and critical evaluation. The team evaluates the epidemiologic data after a quick survey. A final program development is finally mandatory to take control of these rising incidences Obesity has many implications to the body systems. It is the core cause of non-communicable disease related to cardiovascular system such as diabetes, atherosclerosis and stroke. In addition to that, it predisposes one to musculoskeletal conditions such as osteoarthritis, a painful and degenerative